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What Is the Difference Between Cat6, Cat5e, and Cat5 Cables?

Le 7 February 2018, 09:32 dans Humeurs 0

Category 5 also has 4 twisted pairs of copper wire terminated by RJ45 connector. Category 5 cable has a bandwidth of up to 100 MHz and speeds up to Gigabit (1000 Mbps). Category 5 cable can be used for ATM, token ring, Ethernet 1000Base-T, 100Bast-T, and 10Base-T networking. Cat5 is one of five grades of UTP cabling described in the EIA/TIA-586 standard.

Category 5 cable comes in two versions: UTP Cable (Unshielded Twisted Pair) and ScTP Cable (Screened Twisted Pair). Catetory 5 UTP cable is commonly used in the United States, whereas ScTP Catetory 5 cable is mostly common in Europe only.

>> What is Cat5e Cable?

Category 5e is an enhanced version of Category 5 (Cat5) cable, developed by TIA/EIA to improve certain cat6 cable characteristics important to Gigabit Ethernet operation, for example, it adds specifications for far-end cross-talk. It supports 1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet.

Cat 5e (which stands for Category 5, enhanced) cable goes along the same lines as basic Cat 5, except that it fulfills higher standards of data transmission. While Cat 5 is common in existing cabling systems, Category 5e has almost entirely replaced it in new installations. Cat 5e can handle data transfer at 1000 Mbps, is suitable for Gigabit Ethernet, and experiences much lower levels of near-end crosstalk (NEXT) than Cat 5.

Cat5 and Cat5e cables look the same, but Cat5e cable is manufactured with a higher standard to allow for higher data transfer rates. The most common type 1/0 welding cable used in a network is Cat5e. Cat5e cable was formally defined in 2001 in the EIA/TIA-568B standard, which no longer recognizes the original Cat5.

>> What is Cat6 Cable?

Category 6 cable is also called Cat6 and it has a bandwidth of up to 250MHz. It is the 6th generation of twisted pair Ethernet cabling defined by ANSI/EIA/TIA. It has 4 pairs of copper wire and all 4 pairs are used in Gigabit Ethernet applicationis. Cat6 cable is backward compatible with the Catetory 5, Catetory 5e, and Category 3 cable standards.
Category 6 cabe is constructed with even higher standards than Cat5e. Category 6 cable may have a center divider to separate the pairs inside the cable.

Catetory 6 cable is ideal for supporting 10 Gigabit Ethernet. Since technology and standards are constantly evolving, Cat 6 is the wisest choice of car cables for battery when taking any possible future updates to your network into consideration.

If you compare Cat6 with Cat5 and Cat 5e, you can see that Cat6 features more strict specifications for crosstalk and system noise. Cat6 can be used for 10BASE-T Ethernet, 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet, 1000BASE-T/1000BASE-TX (Gigabit Ethernet) and 10GBASE-T (10-Gigabit Ethernet).

You can have up to 100 meters Cat6 cable in 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 1000Bast-T application in the horizontal cabling run. This 100 meters includes up to 90 meters of solid cat6 cable between patch panels and work area outlet, and up to 10 meters of stranded Cat6 patch cables from work area outlet to the computer or server.

For 10GBase-T Ethernet applications, you can have up to 55 meters Cat6 cable in the horizontal run.

Some businesses and homes have installed 4 gauge battery wire so that they are prepared for additional bandwidth requirements int he future. Applicationis such as video, video conferencing, and gaming use a large amount of bandwidth.

>> What is Cat6A Cable?

Whereas Cat6 cable only supports up to 55 meters maximum length when used for 10GBASE-T Ethernet; Cat6A cable, or Augmented Category 6, is certified to 500 MHz in bandwidth and has improved alien crosstalk characteristics, allowing 10GBASE-T to be run for 100 meters just as the same distance as 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-T Ethernet.

Colin Yao is the sales manager and an expert on fiber optic technologies and products.

He is currently with Fiber Optics For Sale Co. which is one of the largest distributors of Cat5e, Cat6 bulk Cables, Cat5e and Cat6 Patch Cables and more.

How You Can Build Your Own Solar Panels

Le 20 December 2017, 08:24 dans Humeurs 0

The world wide web is full of do-it-yourself (DIY) electronic books, forums and websites on the topic of homemade solar panels. You'd imagine that every person would have homemade solar panels on their residence with all this information.

One setback is that majority of the people do not recognize whether they really have the essential skills or equipment required to create their own solar panels. Add to that the fact that many homemade solar panels can end up costing as much as pre-made ones when it's all said and done and it's obvious why DIY solar panels aren't popular.

The great news is that it is simpler than most people think. The most difficult job is getting past the initial barrier of speculating if you can do it. Homemade solar panels can be a fun and rewarding DIY project for the entire family as well.

There are 3 major divisions of the solar panel - solar cells, a container, and electronics such as solar wire and control units.

The box or container is the most complicated division of the solar panel.The cells is hit by sunlight on one one side and power is created Most solar systems are direct current so the wiring is fairly straightforward.No knowledge of electronics is essential since most of the controllers, inverters, ready made

However, the boxes have to be clear on one side (where the cells "look out" towards the sky), must be weather proof, relatively shock proof, and light enough that they are easily handled for moving and mounting. The boxes must also have gaps for control cables to exit, a way for someone to access them again to service the solar cells should they need it, etc. Most of the time, when something on a solar system breaks down, it is the panel boxes and not the cells themselves that have the problem.

So building or purchasing a tough, well-bulit boxes is important. Light Steel, aluminum and plastics are the most frequent supplies used to create the boxes. Glass or clear plastic are most often the covering for the top is also most common.

When acquiring ready-made solar panels, the cells are usually the most pricey component. When building your own panels, however, you will probably discover that the boxes were the most expensive component. Once made, test them in detail for weatherproofing before installing the solar cells.

Solar cells can be purchased in ready made panels, wired in a series, or they can be bought individually and rubber cable in a series. Most do-it-yourself panel builders will buy separate cells, as they are often inexpensive and effortless to find. A lot of online stores sell stained, damaged, or otherwise unsatisfactory solar cells at a huge sale. Those with some knowledge of the cells can get these and often fix them or make them usable for their project. If you don't have that kind of knowledge, you are better off getting new cells that have a warranty and which are compatible with one another so you can merely plug them together to string a series.

Most of the time, they will be purchased in "bricks." These are small series of pre-wired cells that can be connected, in turn, with other bricks to make more. They are usually sold in voltage quantities, so a brick might have 1/2 volt (V), a full V, or some other variation. As an example: to charge a car battery (12V), you will need between 16 and 18V. Keep in mind that the voltage measurement for your brick is it's maximum production. In most of the U.S., you can expect to get 50-75% efficiency from a solar panel. Bear in mind when building your series.

Other factors to consider include how to electrical power cable in series and how to add voltages to estimate totals when doing so. Soldering skills are a must for creating solar panels, but are not hard to learn. Purchase some low-cost electronics at a thrift and attempt wiring them together or joining them - such as toys remote controlled cards and make sounds like talking teddy bears. This inexpensive practice will pay off when dealing with costly cells later.

Lastly, handle all of homemade solar panels with care while putting them together. You can easily get in to removing and replace a brick or fix a connection in the panels if you leave plenty of room after assembling in between the cells.

Tips to Reduce Welding Wire Accidents

Le 13 December 2017, 07:47 dans Humeurs 0

Welding is a manufacturing process that is used extensively in equipment manufacturing. Welding involves applying heat and flux to 2 metal pieces and fusing them together into one single homogenous joint. Welding can be MIG or TIG and performed manually or robotically. There are many parts, both in equipment and consumables, that are required to perform a welding operation. Weld gas is one such solar wire supply. A high voltage power supply is also required to provide the electrical energy required to produce the weld arc needed to melt the material.

MIG welding uses a very different technique than other types of welding. Welders need to observe safety precautions in order to protect themselves and those around them.

? Fire proof your surroundings. Keep your welding area free of paper, plastic, sawdust and other flammable materials. Make sure a fire extinguisher is close at hand and ready to use.

? Protect your eyes. The MIG process produces an intensely bright light that can burn the cornea. Wear a full face control cable mask while using the arc.

? Protect skin from UV light. The MIG welding process generates light with a strong UV component. It's essential to wear gloves and to cover as much of your body as possible in order to avoid sunburn. Protective clothing serves a dual purpose since this type of welding is far more likely to spit out dangerous globules of molten metal.

? Ensure proper ventilation. MIG arcs give off ozone, while aluminum and its alloys give off fumes that can lead to heavy metal poisoning. Leave the garage door open and if you're working for extended periods of time, wear a vapor mask.

MIG (Metal Inert Gas) is a type of specialty rubber cable referred to as an arc welding process, first developed in the 1940s for working with soft metals such as aluminum and copper. The MIG process doesn't deploy traditional welding rods as such, but instead uses a welding gun, a unit to advance welding cable, a power supply, an electrode welding wire and a protected gas supply. You can shop for this equipment and other welding supplies online at various related internet websites.

One of the most popular trades out there today is that of a welder. Welding can be a very difficult task. That is why no one should attempt to weld if they do not know what they are doing. If you are one of the people that know how to weld than you know that there are many different supplies that are needed when it comes to welding. Often times welding supplies can be hard to find and if you do find them they are really over priced. One of the best ways to find all of your supplies would be to look online. You will be able to find just about everything you could ever need when it comes to electrical power cable. The best thing about it is that you can get the stuff delivered right to your door. Also you will be amazed at how much cheaper you can get some of the stuff online rather than at the local store.

Welding is an incredibly demanding profession and the need to adopt appropriate safety measures to stay safe at all times. Let us take a look at the must-have Welding supplies you need at your Welding shop. Safety is definitely the first priority when it comes to Welding. There are different array of health hazards that you need to be careful about as a welder. The intense amount of light generated during the Welding process, is not only harmful to the eyes but also the skin. The first thing that you need to have in your Welding supplies is a basic protective Welding suit.

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